Nora Berrah

Research Interests

Investigation of the interaction of atoms, molecules, clusters and their ions with weak and strong electromagnetic fields produced by synchrotron facilities and lasers; quantum control of atoms, molecules, and clusters with emphasis on short wavelength radiation, ultrafast time scales and strong laser fields; use of intense femtosecond free electron lasers (FEL) in the vuv and x-ray regimes to probe physical and chemical processes that happen on ultrafast time scales.

CV

Education

  • Ph.D., Physics, University of Virginia, 1987
  • M.Sc. (Diplome D’ètude Superieure), Theoretical Physics, Faculté des Sciences. Université d’Alger, Algeria, 1979

Experience

  • 2014-present: Professor and Head, Department of Physics, University of Connecticut
  • 2000-2013: Distinguished Faculty Scholar, Western Michigan University
  • 1991-2013: Professor, Department of Physics, Western Michigan University
  • 1989-1991: Assistant Scientist, Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory
  • 1987-1989: Postdoctoral Fellow, Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory

Professional Societies

  • Member, American Physical Society
  • Member, French Association for the Advancement of Science
  • Member, American Association of University Women

Honors

  • 2014, Davisson-Germer award, American Physical Society
  • 2011, Visiting Professor, University Paris VI, Paris, France, and Chair d’Excellence, French National Synchrotron Laboratory, St. Aubin, France
  • 2006, Visiting Scientist, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Stanford
  • 1998, Visiting Scientist, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley
  • 1992,1993 Visiting Scientist (Chercheur Associe), Laboratoire pour l’Utilisation du Rayonnement Electronique, Orsay, France
  • 1992, Humboldt Fellow, Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max Planck Gesellschaft, Berlin

Recent Publications

  1. Nora Berrah, “Molecular Dynamics Induced by Short and Intense X-rays Pulses from the LCLS” Physica Scripta, T169 (2016) (Article based on an invited talk at the Nobel Symposium, Stigtuna, Stockholm, Sweden, June 15, 2015).
  2. P. Bolognesi, P. O’Keeffe, T. Mazza, J. Bozek, R. Coffee, C. Bostedt, S. Schorb,S. Carron, R. Feifel, M. Mucke, M. Guehr, E. F. Sistrunk, J. Grilj, B. K. McFarland, M. Koch, M. Larsson, P. Salem, N. Berrah, L. Fang, T. Osipov, B. Murphy, R. R. Lucchese, M. Meyer, M.N. Piancastelli, K. Ueda, S. Mondal, C. Miron, R. Richter, K.C. Prince, O. Takahashi and L. Avaldi, “A study of the dynamical energy flow in uracil”, Journal of Physics: Conference Series 635, 112062 (2015).
  3. T. Takanashi, N. V. Golubev, H. Fukuzawa, K. Motomura, D. Iablonskyi,1 Y. Kumagai, S. Mondal, T. Tachibana, K. Nagaya, T. Nishiyama, K. Matsunami, P. Johnsson, P. Piseri, G. Sansone,A. Dubrouil, M. Reduzzi, P. Carpeggiani, C. Vozzi, M. Devetta, M. Negro, D. Faccial`a, F. Calegari,A. Trabattoni, M. C. Castrovilli, Y. Ovcharenko, M. Mudrich, F. Stienkemeier, M. Coreno, M. Alagia, B. Schutte, N. Berrah, C. Callegari, O. Plekan,13 P. Finetti, C. Spezzani, E. Ferrari, E. Allaria, G. Penco, C. Serpico, G. De Ninno, B. Diviacco, S. Di Mitri, L. Giannessi, G. Jabbari, K. C. Prince, L. S. Cederbaum, Ph. V. Demekhin, A. I. Kuleff, and K. Ueda “Time-Resolved Measurement of Interatomic Coulombic Decay Induced by Two-Photon Double Excitation of Ne2”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 033202 (2017).
  4. D. Iablonskyi,K. Nagaya, H. Fukuzawa,K. Motomura,Y. Kumagai,1S. Mondal,T. Tachibana, T. Takanashi, T. Nishiyama, K. Matsunami, P. Johnsson, P. Piseri, G. Sansone, A. Dubrouil, M. Reduzzi, P. Carpeggiani, C. Vozzi, M. Devetta, M. Negro, F. Calegari, A. Trabattoni, M. C. Castrovilli, D. Faccialà, Y. Ovcharenko, T. Möller, M. Mudrich, F. Stienkemeier, M. Coreno, M. Alagia, B. Schütte, N. Berrah, A. I. Kuleff, G. Jabbari, C. Callegari, O. Plekan, P. Finetti, C. Spezzani, E. Ferrari, E. Allaria, G. Penco, C. Serpico, G. De Ninno, I. Nikolov, B. Diviacco, S. Di Mitri, L. Giannessi, K. C. Prince, and K. Ueda, “Slow Interatomic Coulombic Decay of Multiply Excited Neon Clusters”, (Phys. Rev. Let. in press) (2017).
  5. Utuq Ablikim, Cédric Bomme, Hui Xiong, Evgeny Savelyev, Razib Obaid,Balram Kaderiya, Sven Augustin, Kirsten Schnorr, Ileana Dumitriu, Timur Osipov,René Bilodeau, David Kilcoyne, Vinod Kumarappan, Artem Rudenko, Nora Berrah, Daniel Rolles,” Identification of absolute geometries of cis and trans molecular isomers by Coulomb Explosion Imaging”, (Scientific Reports, Accepted), (2016)
  6. Alberto A. Lutman, Timothy J. Maxwell, James P. MacArthur, Marc W. Guetg, Nora Berrah, Ryan N. Coffee, Yuantao Ding, Zhirong Huang, Agostino Marinelli, Stefan Moeller & Johann C. U. Zemella “Fresh-slice multicolour X-ray free-electron lasers” Nat. Photonics 10 745 (2016).
  7. C. S. Lehmann, A. Picon, C. Bostedt, A. Rudenko, A. Marinelli, D. Moonshiram, T. Osipov, D. Rolles, N. Berrah, C. Bomme, M. Bucher, G. Doumy, B. Erk, K. Ferguson, T. Gorkhover, P. J. Ho, E. P. Kanter, B. Krassig, J. Krzywinski, A. A. Lutman, A. M. March, D. Ray, L. Young, S. T. Pratt, and S. H. Southworth, “Ultrafast measurements for molecular nuclear dynamics using two x-ray pulses”, Phys. Rev. A, 94, 013426 (2016).
  8. Nora Berrah, Li Fang, Brendan F Murphy, Edwin Kukk, Timur Y. Osipov, Ryan Coffee, Ken R Ferguson, Hui Xiong, Jean-Charles Castagna, Vlad S Petrovic, Sebastian Carron Montero, and John D. Bozek , “A two mirrors x-ray pulse split and delay instrument for femtosecond time resolved investigations at the LCLS free electron laser facility” Optics Express 24 (11), 11768-11781 (2016).
  9. A. Picon, C. S. Lehmann, C. Bostedt, A. Rudenko, A. Marinelli, T. Osipov, D. Rolles, N. Berrah, C. Bomme, M. Bucher, G. Doumy, B. Erk, K. R. Ferguson, T.Gorkhover, P. J. Ho, E. P. Kanter, B. Krassig, J. Krzywinski, A. A. Lutman, A.M. March, D. Moonshiram, D. Ray, L. Young, S. T. Pratt, and S. H. Southworth, “Hetero-site-specific ultrafast intramolecular dynamics”, Nature Comm. 7, 11652( 2016).
  10. P. H. Bucksbaum and N. Berrah, “Brighter and faster: the promise and challenge of the x-ray free electron laser”, reproduced in Parity 6, 14 (2016).
  11. Liu, Ji-Cai; Berrah, Nora; Cederbaum, Lorenz; Cryan, James; Glownia, James; Schafer, Kenneth; Buth, Christian “Rate equations for nitrogen molecules in ultrashort and intense x-ray pulses ” J. Phys. B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics (Accepted January 2016).
  12. Sanchez-Gonzalez, Alvaro; Barillot, Thomas; Squibb, Richard; Kolorenc, Premysl; Agaker, Markus; Averbukh, Vitali; Bearpark, Michael; Bostedt, Christoph; Bozek, John; Bruce, Sandra; Carron Montero, Sebastian; Coffee, Ryan; Cooper, Bridgette; Cryan, James; Dong, Minjie; Eland, John; Fang, Li; Fukuzawa, Hironobu; Guehr, Markus; Ilchen, Markus; Johnson, Allan; Liekhus-S, Chelsea; Marinelli, Agostino; Maxwell, Timothy; Motomura, K.; Mucke, Melanie; Natan, Adi; Osipov, Timur; Ostlin, Christopher; Pernpointner, Markus; Petrovic, Vladimir; Robb, Mike; Sathe, Conny; Simpson, Emma; Underwood, Jonathan; Vacher, Morgane; Walke, Daniel; Wolf, Thomas; Zhaunerchyk, Vitali; Rubensson, Jan-Erik; Berrah, Nora; Bucksbaum, Phil; Ueda, Kiyoshi; Feifel, Raimund; Frasinski, L; Marangos, J, “Auger electron and photoabsorption spectra of glycine in the vicinity of the oxygen K-edge measured with an X-FEL” Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48 234004 (2015).
  13. Zhaunerchyk, M. Kaminska, M. Mucke, R.J. Squibb, J.H.D. Eland M.N. Piancastelli, L.J. Frasinski, J. Grilj, M. Koch, B.K. McFarland, E. Sistrunk, M. Guhr, R.N. Coffee, C. Bostedt, J.D. Bozek, P. Salen, P. v.d. Meulen, P. Linusson, R.D. Thomas, M. Larsson, L. Foucar, J. Ullrich, K. Motomura, S. Mondal, K. Ueda, P. O’Keeffe, R. Richter, K.C. Prince, O. Takahashi, T. Osipov, L. Fang, B.F. Murphy, N. Berrah, and R. Feifel, “Disentangling formation of multiple-core holes in aminophenol molecules exposed to bright XFEL radiation ”, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48 244003 (2015).
  14. A Dubrouil, M Reduzzi, M Devetta, C Feng, J Hummert, P Finetti, O Plekan, C Grazioli, M Di Fraia, V Lyamayev, A La Forge, R Katzy, F Stienkemeier, Y Ovcharenko, M Coreno, N Berrah, K Motomura, S Mondal, K Ueda, K C Prince, C Callegari, A I Kuleff Ph V Demekhin, G Sansone, “Two-photon resonant excitation of interatomic coulombic decay in neon dimers”, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48 204005 (2015).
  15. Berrah and P. H. Bucksbaum, “The Ultimate X-ray Machine” Scientific American Special Collector’s edition, 54, (2015).
  16. Berrah, B. Murphy, H. Xiong, L. Fang, T. Osipov, E. Kukk, M. Guehr, R. Feifel, V. S. Petrovic, K. R. Ferguson, J. D. Bozek, C. Bostedt, L. J. Frasinski, P. H. Bucksbaum and J. C. Castagna , “Femtosecond x-ray induced fragmentation of fullerenes” J. of Mod. Opt.,Vol. 63, No. 4, 390–401 doi: 10.1080/09500340.2015.1064175 (2015).
  17. Bucksbaum & N. Berrah, Physics Today, 68 (7), 26 July 2015.
  18. Berrah and L. Fang “Chemical Analysis: Double Core-Hole Spectroscopy with Free-Electron Lasers” J. Electr. Spect. And Rel. Phenom. 204, 284–289 (2015).
  19. E. Liekhus-Schmaltz, I. Tenney, T. Osipov, A. Sanchez-Gonzalez, N. Berrah, R. Boll, et al., P.H. Bucksbaum, V. Petrovic et al.,“Ultrafast Isomerization Initiated by X-Ray Core Ionization” Nature Comm. 6, 8199, doi:10.1038/ncomms9199 (2015).
  20. Mucke, V. Zhaunerchyk, L.J. Frasinski, R.J.Squibb, M. Siano, J.H.D. Eland, P. Linusson, P. Salen, P. v.d. Meulen, R.D. Thomas, M. Larsso3, L. Foucar, J. Ullrich, K. Motomura, S. Mondal, K.Ueda, T. Osipov, L. Fang;12, B.F. Murphy, N Berrah, C. Bostedt, J.D. Bozek, S. Schorb, M.Messerschmidt, J.M. Glownia, J.P. Cryan, R.N. O. Takahashi, S. Wada, M.N. Piancastelli, R. Richter, K.C. Prince, and R. Feife, “Covariance mapping of two-photon double core hole states in C2H2 and C2H6 produced by an X-ray free electron laser” New Journal of Physics, 17, 073002, doi:10.1088/1367-2630/17/7/073002, (2015).
  21. Penent, M. Nakano, M. Tashiro, T. P. Grozdanov, M. Žitnik, K. Bucar, S. Carniato, P. Selles, L. Andric, P. Lablanquie, J. Palaudoux, E. Shigemasa, H. Iwayama, Y. Hikosaka, K. Soejima, I.H. Suzuki, N. Berrah, A. Wuosmaa, T. Kaneyasu and K. Ito, “Double core hole spectroscopy with synchrotron radiation” J. Electr. Spect. and Relat. Phenom. 204, 303–312, doi:10.1016/j.elspec.2015.06.015, (2015).
  22. Dubrouil, M. Reduzzi, M. Devetta, C. Feng, J. Hummert, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, C. Grazioli, M. Di Fraia, V. Lyamayev, A. La Forge, R. Katzy, F. Stienkemeier, Y. Ovcharenko, M. Coreno, N. Berrah, K. Motomura, S. Monda, K. Ueda, K. C. Prince, C. Callegari, A. I Kuleff, Ph .V Demekhin and G. Sansone, “Two-photon resonant excitation of interatomic coulombic decay in neon dimers ”, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48 204005, doi:10.1088/0953-4075/48/20/204005, (2015).
  23. L Fang, Z Jurek, T Osipov, B F Murphy, R Santra, and N Berrah, “Investigating Dynamics of Complex System Irradiated by Intense X-ray Free Electron Laser Pulses”, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 601, 012006 (2015).

For the Full List of Publications click here