Physics Colloquium, Prof. Chiara Mingarelli, UConn, Professor Chiara Mingarelli (Physics Colloquium)3:30pm
Physics Colloquium, Prof. Chiara Mingarelli, UConn, Professor Chiara Mingarelli (Physics Colloquium)
Friday, January 22nd, 2021
03:30 PM - 04:30 PM
Storrs Campus remotePhysics Colloquium
Prof. Chiara Mingarelli, UConn
Pulsar Timing Arrays: The Next Window to Open on the Gravitational-Wave Universe
Galaxy mergers are a standard aspect of galaxy formation and evolution, and most (likely all) large galaxies contain supermassive black holes. As part of the merging process, the supermassive black holes should in-spiral together and eventually merge, generating a background of gravitational radiation in the nanohertz to microhertz regime. An array of precisely timed pulsars spread across the sky can form a galactic-scale gravitational wave detector in the nanohertz band. I describe the current efforts to develop and extend the pulsar timing array concept, together with recent limits which have emerged from the NANOGrav Collaboration, hinting at the beginning of a new way to study the Universe.
Contact Information: Prof. Chiara MingarelliMore
Profs. Gerald Dunne and Jon Trump, Department of Physics, University of Connecticut, "Black Holes: The 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics", The 2020 Nobel Prize In Physics (Physics Department Colloquium)3:30pm
Profs. Gerald Dunne and Jon Trump, Department of Physics, University of Connecticut, "Black Holes: The 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics", The 2020 Nobel Prize In Physics (Physics Department Colloquium)
Friday, October 30th, 2020
03:30 PM - 04:30 PM
Storrs Campus onlineProfs. Gerald Dunne and Jon Trump, Department of Physics, University of Connecticut
Black Holes: The 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics
The Nobel Foundation has awarded the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics to Roger Penrose "for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity", and to Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez "for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy".
We review the physics and the significance of these remarkable discoveries. There will be some technical detail but the talk is intended for a general audience.
Webex link: https://uconn-cmr.webex.com/meet/jot16106
Contact Information: Prof. Gerald DunneMore
Dr. James Guillochon, Berkshire Gray, "From Black Holes, to Data Science, to Robots: Tips & tricks for going into industry", Physics Colloquium: From Black Holes To Robots3:30pm
Dr. James Guillochon, Berkshire Gray, "From Black Holes, to Data Science, to Robots: Tips & tricks for going into industry", Physics Colloquium: From Black Holes To Robots
Friday, October 9th, 2020
03:30 PM - 04:30 PM
Storrs Campus BPB-131Dr. James Guillochon, Berkshire Gray
From Black Holes, to Data Science, to Robots: Tips & tricks for going into industry
The majority of physics/astronomy PhD recipients now leave the field for industry either immediately after graduation or after one or more postdoctoral stints. This has been driven by several factors, including the overproduction of PhDs relative to a declining pool of available tenure-track positions, greater freedom to choose where to live, and often significantly higher salaries. However, STEM graduates are increasingly finding that data science, the de facto refuge for former academics, is itself becoming somewhat saturated, with data on recent job listings suggesting that the majority of DS positions are now filled by bachelor's degree recipients rather than PhDs. In this talk, I will describe how I navigated this increasingly complicated landscape to find my current job, and share some pieces of advice I feel are generically useful to those who might be looking for jobs outside of academia in the next few years.
Dr. James Guillochon received a PhD in astrophysics from the University of California Santa Cruz and then went on to hold prestigious postdoctoral fellowships, the Hubble and ITC fellowships, at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. He developed a reputation as a world-renowned researcher in a range of topics, including black hole mergers, tidal disruption events, white dwarf accretion, and more. He is also well-known for his open-source contributions to the scientific community, including vox charta, open access astronomy catalogs, software, as well as maintaining a current list of US and Canadian astrophysics graduate program policies regarding the use of the physics GRE in graduate admissions decisions here.
In 2018 Dr. Guillochon transitioned to working in the industry as a Robotics Engineer in the Boston area. He is an outspoken advocate for positive transitions from academia to industry and will be joining us for a virtual colloquium on Friday to discuss his transition.
Contact Information: Prof. Cara BattersbyMore
Prof. Richard Milner MIT, Physics Colloquium: Visualizing The Proton3:30pm
Friday, September 25th, 2020
03:30 PM - 04:30 PM
Storrs Campus RemoteProf. Richard Milner
Nuclear physicists have recently made progress in understanding how to visualize the fundamental structure of the proton. Electrons scattered from the proton's charged constituents produce snapshots that offer the possibility to produce for the first time a coherent 3D image of the proton. The basic
elements of the technique will be outlined and ongoing experiments at Jefferson Laboratory as well as future experiments at the planned Electron-Ion Collider (EIC) at Brookhaven Laboratory will be described.
Remote Connection info:
Contact Information: Prof. Kyungseon JooMore
Dr. Ali Kaya, Department of Physics, Harvard University, "Challenging the initial condition prescriptions in quantum cosmology", Physics Colloquium (Dr. Ali Kaya)3:30pm
Dr. Ali Kaya, Department of Physics, Harvard University, "Challenging the initial condition prescriptions in quantum cosmology", Physics Colloquium (Dr. Ali Kaya)
Friday, March 6th, 2020
03:30 PM - 04:30 PM
Storrs Campus BPB-131Dr. Ali Kaya, Department of Physics, Harvard University
Challenging the initial condition prescriptions in quantum cosmology
Determining the initial state of the universe is a challenging problem in quantum cosmology and there are popular suggestions like the no boundary (Hawking & Hartle) and the tunneling (Vilenkin) prescriptions.
After briefly reviewing the problem, we argue that the quantum theory of gravity must resolve the big-bang singularity either by yielding a regular past eternal evolution or by a smooth finite beginning; in both cases the initial state can in principle be totally arbitrary that need not to be restricted by any ad-hoc principle. We illustrate this point in a minisuperspace toy model where there is a smooth beginning of the universe provided by the matter Hamiltonian degenerating to the zero operator. This simple model also illustrates how quantum gravity may resolve the big-bang singularity.
Contact Information: Prof. Necmi Biyikli (ECE)More
Prof. Reynold E. Silber, Department of Geology and Geophysics, Yale University, "Transport properties of liquid transition metals at extreme conditions: a lesson from metallic glasses with the forbidden symmetry", Physics Colloquium (Prof. Reynold Silber)3:30pm
Prof. Reynold E. Silber, Department of Geology and Geophysics, Yale University, "Transport properties of liquid transition metals at extreme conditions: a lesson from metallic glasses with the forbidden symmetry", Physics Colloquium (Prof. Reynold Silber)
Friday, February 7th, 2020
03:30 PM - 04:30 PM
Storrs Campus BPB-131Prof. Reynold E. Silber, Department of Geology and Geophysics, Yale University
Transport properties of liquid transition metals at extreme conditions: a lesson from metallic glasses with the forbidden symmetry
The Earth's core is a giant heat engine that supports the existence of life on our planet by providing heat to drive mantle convection, plate tectonics and volcanism. The convection of a liquid iron (Fe) alloy in the outer core generates the Earth's magnetic field. However, transport properties of liquid Fe-alloys (e.g., electrical, thermal and viscous transport properties) at extreme core conditions are some of the least constrained parameters. The high pressure experimental measurements of the transport properties are extremely challenging and a general theoretical understanding of the structures of liquid transition metals is still incomplete. Recent successful electrical resistivity measurements of liquid Fe, Ni and Fe-Si alloy at pressures up to 24 GPa show the invariant electrical resistivity along the melting boundaries. It was demonstrated that the Icosahedral Short Range Order (ISRO) structures in liquid transition metals and alloys strongly modulate transport properties at extreme conditions. Supporting evidence for the presence of the ISRO in the Earth's and other terrestrial outer cores comes from the recently discovered quasi-crystalline phases in natural metallic glasses with the forbidden symmetry, previously considered impossible to exist in nature. However, the existence of forbidden fivefold symmetry is not possible without super-cooling of metallic glass forming liquids that contain ISRO structures. Thus, metallic glasses represent one of the convergence points between planetary science and materials science. Here, I first discuss a new paradigm imposed by the ISRO structures on the transport properties of the outer cores of terrestrial planetary bodies. The discussion is then extended toward the important role ISROs play in formation of metallic glasses with exotic properties. Furthermore, I examine the potential application of high pressures toward manufacturing of metallic glasses with customizable concentration of structures with ISRO or any other forbidden symmetry. Considering the important role of metallic glasses in the high tech industry, this research has significant cross-disciplinary implications.
Contact Information: Prof. Vernon CormierMore